Glossary for Budding Conquistadors
Cédula - Decrees
Relación - Report
Capitulación - Contract
Enconmienda - Land Grant
Adelantado - Frontier Governor
Encomenderos - A deserving Castilian, whom the Spanish Crown gave land and workers to via the encomienda / repartimiento system of the early 1500's.
Caballería - A land grant mad to a cavalry soldier. The land typically was parsed to hold 200,000 mounds of yuca - or about ninety acres. Under Spanish law, no more than three caballerias could be allotted to any one person (approx 270 acres.)
Peonía - A land grant made to a foot soldier. A peonia was half the amount of a caballeria. So about 45 acres of land. Under Spanish law, no more than five peonias could be allotted to any one person (approx. 225 acres).